Selfhosted systems
A quick list for some internet freedom

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We’ve not been to school. We are using our minds. — Unknown

Abstract: The following sections describe the services that I am considering running, find interesting, or I am currently running on the server.

Table of Contents

Worth your liberty, knowledge

TODO

List of programs and services

A more complete list, which may be less comprehensible can be found at Awesome-selfhosted. Specially take a look at the hosting section and Streisand, which have a collection of systems/platforms that will make your life easier and some can be used without any experience. Also, make sure to give Awesome-sysadmin a good look.

It is also worth noting that most of these programs/systems were chosen because they run in not just Linux (GNU/Linux). Since the point of this list is to present solutions that respect the users choices, it made no sense to add software that can only be run in a small selection of systems1.

And of course, please, make sure that you know how to run and administrate a server before you go full into these services. Specially in terms of security and data protection. No one is an expert when they get started in this world, but some basic knowledge is requred.

Blogging/Static site generation

  • Orgmode: Emacs' org-mode package with org-publish allows you to create projects (websites) with .org files. It is the system that this webpage currently uses.
  • Blogit: minimalist website generator driven by a simple Makefile.
  • Hugo: powerful and simple static site generator.

Code

  • Fossil: a better git. It is not just a VCS, it is a project management system. Written in C. If you are considering Phabricator, fossil gives you 90% of what Phabricator does, at 1% the complexity.
  • Sourcehut: complete and minimalist git and mercurial development platform. Written mostly in Python.
  • Gitea: modern, complete and fully featured Git hosting platform written in Go.
  • Cgit: ligthweight frontend for git, written in C. May be worth giving Gitolite a look.
  • GNU's Savannah: old, but supports CVS, mercurial, Subversion, Git, mailing lists among other tools. Written in PHP.

CI/CD

Conferencing/Video chats

  • Jitsi: wonderful video/chatting system.
  • Mumble: small and efficient audio chatting server/application.
  • BigBlueButton: classroom hosting.
  • Indico: platform created at CERN to host conferences.
  • Pretalx: another conferencing tool.

Social media

  • Matrix: is an open network for decentralized communities. Some server implementations are Dendrite, written in Go and Synapse, written in Python. There are applications for Android, desktop, browsers and plugins for other clients.
  • Peertube: federated alternative to Youtube, Vimeo, etc.
  • Mobilizon: federated event/group meeting platform.
  • Pleroma: federated alternative to Twitter, just like Mastodon, but written in Elixir using the Phoenix framework.
  • Pixelfed: federated alternative to Instagram.

Bookmarks/Archive

  • Memex: browser addon to search for information inside the bookmarked pages.
  • Floccus: addon for web-browsers that allows syncing your bookmarks with any WebDAV server, Nextcloud and others.
  • Shiori: simple bookmark manager, alternative to Pocket. It has a web-extension addon and the server is written in Go.
  • ArchiveBox: web archiving platform. It can be used as a bookmark manager. Written in Python.
  • buku: lightweight bookmark manager that can be used locally or as a server. Written in Python.
  • Reminiscense: bookmark manager that can also archive the contents. Written in Python.
  • Unmark: selfhosted bookmark management. Written in PHP.

Email

Mailing lists

  • Sympa: complete and powerful mailing list software. Written in Perl.
  • GNU Mailman: very widely known and used ML software. Written in Pyhton.
  • phpList: ML that is meant to be more closely controlled by the administrator (there are no ML discussions in the traditioal sense). Written in PHP.

Self hosting

  • TODO

Contacts

Streaming/Media sharing

Networks

Anonymizing systems

  • GNUNet: decentralized anonymous network.
  • I2P: decentralized P2P network.
  • Tor: the onion router.
  • IPFS: the InterPlanetary FS. It is meant to make the data of the "internet" redundant and eternal.

IRC

  • ngIRCd
  • Oragono: IRC server and bouncer that tries to follow the latest IRC standard, written in Go.
  • ZNC: IRC bouncer.
  • INSPIRCD

Alternative networks

  • Gopher
  • Gemini: alternative network in the same spirit a Gopher.

Search engines

  • Searx: meta-search engine.

VPNs

Cloud/Storage/Backups

  • TrueNAS: absolute beast of a system.
  • Nextcloud: complete cloud hosting solution. From calendar, to email reader, to document creation, meetings, etc.
  • Syncthing: file synchronization service.
  • Restic: backup system.
  • Storj: decentralized S3-compatible bucket storage.

Financing/Paymet/Patreon

  • Not selfhosted! Liberapay is a libre alternative to the likes of Patreon or Ko.fi.

Project management

Business management/ERP/CRM

  • Dolibarr: old but ever improving ERP, written in PHP.
  • ERPNex: fresh ERP system written in Python.
  • Tryton: complete ERP system written in Python. More prepared for European countries than ERPNext.
  • SuitCRM: a nice CRM.

Databases

  • SQLite: simple, minimal and basic SQL database. Not recommended when having multiple writters or reader-writter. However, one could use rqlite for database replication and management.
  • PostgreSQL: advance RDBMS SQL database.
  • MariaDB: an alternative to MySQL comparable to PostgreSQL.

NoSQL

  • Redis: simple key-value memory storage solution.
  • etcd: another key-value distributed storage solution, written in Go.
  • CouchDB: document DB.
  • RethinkDB: document DB.
  • InfluxDB: time series DB.

Metrics

  • Prometheus: metrics monitoring platform and time series DB.
  • Graphana: monitoring and observability platform, uses InfluxDB.

Footnotes:

1

Though Windows and OSX/Mac OS were not considered. Yes, call this hypocrisy.

Date: 2021-04-24 Sa 00:00

Author: Fernando Oleo Blanco

Email: irvise _at_ irvise.xyz

Created: 2021-06-23 Mi 11:01

Emacs 27.1 (Org mode 9.4.4)

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